Fertility is the most complex yet fascinating aspect of the human body. It plays a very important role when it comes to reproduction. If you are trying to conceive a baby or want to know about reproductive health then understanding the basics of fertility is crucial. In simple words, we can say that fertility is the ability to conceive a baby naturally.

What is Fertility?

The ability to conceive a baby naturally is referred to as fertility. There are various factors on which fertility depends such as age, genetics, lifestyle, and overall health. In the process of fertility, both male and female reproductive cells are involved.

What Are The Factors Affecting Fertility?

Age: It is a very major factor that can affect fertility in both males and females. The most fertile women are in their 20s or early 30s. The fertility of women gradually starts decreasing after the age of 35. However, in males, the quality of sperm starts decreasing with age and this decline is slower as compared to women.

Health conditions: The fertility can be affected by various medical conditions. For example – PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) or endometriosis are the conditions in females that may affect the ovulation and fertility whereas in males, conditions such as low sperm count, erectile dysfunction or sexually transmitted infections can affect fertility.

Lifestyle changes: Your way of living and regular lifestyle choices can significantly affect fertility. There are several factors such as more alcohol consumption, smoking, poor diet, and lack of exercise can contribute to impact fertility of both males and females. It’s crucial to maintain a healthy lifestyle to optimize fertility.

Female Fertility

It is very interesting to know that female fertility is a very complicated aspect in the reproductive health of females. Ovulation and menstruation are the main factors that impact female reproductive health. Some of the other factors are:

● The quality and quantity of the eggs in the ovarian reserve of females is linked directly to the ability of conceiving a baby.
● Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
● Ovarian cysts
● Hormonal disorders

Male Fertility

The semen quality is the major factor that is used to check the male fertility. Some of the factors that impact male fertility are:

 ● Low sperm count or Oligospermia
● Poor sperm motility
● Abnormal sperm morphology

Optimizing Fertility

● Maintain Healthy Lifestyle: You have to eat a balanced diet, do regular exercise, and maintain a healthy weight. It is important to avoid the consumption of tobacco, excessive alcohol and smoking for both males and females.

● Track Your Cycle: Females should track and understand the menstrual cycles and ovulation patterns. It will help couples to identify the most fertile days for conception.

● Take Medical Advice: If you are trying to conceive for a long period of time but not getting any results then consult with a fertility or IVF specialist. They will do some tests like AMH test, HSG test, and others. These tests will detect the infertility level so that doctors can suggest further treatment options. For example – artificial insemination, ICSI, IUI, etc.



It is crucial that you know about the basics of fertility to maintain proper reproductive health. It’s easy to improve and optimize infertility in males and females by just doing simple changes in lifestyle, adopting a healthy diet, and doing regular exercise. Remember, several factors impact fertility but you can anytime take medical advice that helps you in the journey to parenthood.

For more information visit the Seeds of Innocens website or contact us at +91-8276002727.

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